Born 241 years ago on April 30, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss is often described as the “Prince of Mathematicians” and hailed for his contributions to number theory, geometry, probability theory and astronomy.
In the German mathematician’s honor, Google is changing its logo in 28 countries to a doodle of him and his achievements.
- In 1831, Gauss developed a working relationship with Wilhelm Weber, leading to new knowledge in magnetism and the discovery of Kirchhoff’s circuit laws in electricity.
- They constructed the first
electromechanical telegraph in 1833
and later both founded the “Magnetischer Verein”, an observatory which measured the Earth’s magnetic field around the world.
- The mathematician was made a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science and was also elected a foreign honourary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.